I'm trying to create a 5.1 test file. To do this I'm creating test audio that cycles through each 5.1 channel in turn - all of which is fine until I get to the LF channel. If I place a lf clip in the project, turn the LF bass clef all the way up and the centre down, it doesn't matter where I pan that clip, it still bleeds over into other channels. Because I'm trying to generate a test clip that cycles through each individual channel, I need to be able to have a piece of audio on the LF channel only without it coming out of any other channels...
I assume that you are in the Audio Mixer Panel (your screen-cap is still in queue). Turn the Bass down. I would suggest turning it OFF for all but your LFE channel example. As you have done, keep Center off, except for the Center channel signal. As you're doing a six channel mix, you should have your source "puck" in the respective "slot" for each of your 5 channels, and I'd center the LFE. You're just creating a test file.
If I can find it now, I did a test file for just the same thing. I used different SFX for each channel, so that the user could easily identify what was supposed to happen. Titles on the screen also spelled out what location was in play for each SFX file. Been a long time, since I've seen it, and also may have to scale it way down to attach it. If I locate it, and can re-edit it for the forum's size specs., I'll post it.
[Edit] As a PS, I'd use pure mono source files.
Since it is queued, that probably means I have to wait for at least a day, maybe more to see it. One of the drawbacks of the forums in their current form. You could try to use the Camera icon to upload the image. It often works better to upload an image than to attach it.
It finally came out of queue. Pucks look good, though I found that my LFE did the best when not placed in the Center slot, but centered in the field.
You're using mono files, so ignore my commnets.
Other than the Bass (can't really see the Center dial setting that clearly), I can't think of any reason for the behavior that you describe.
Will look and think, plus continue to search for my test file.
[Edit] Oops, now I see that it was embedded in a second post. The original is still in queue. Wondered why this response came so far down the line... Now I know. Thanks!
Yep, when I mute all other tracks the bleeding still comes through. So to summarize, on channel 6 I've got the bass dial turned up all the way and the centre dial all the way down. I'm using a sub 120Hz tone on that track but it still bleeds through to the other tracks depending on where I place the puck ie if I push the puck to the front it bleeds into ch 1 and 2 on the master LED.
This may be caused by your amplifier and the way the LFE filter works around 120 Hz. If you turn of the bass, by resetting the 'dial' for LFE to 0, do you still get the bleeding? If not, it is a matter of the way your 5.1 system is filtering the low frequencies and returning 'rejected' frequencies to the other speakers.
But this is all happening in premiere, before it gets to any audio out put. The system is an axio LE, which has 6 outputs for surround sound, all correctly route, but as I say, this occurs before the o/put stage
The system is an axio LE
That information should have come in the first post. It's always good to know what third-party add ons one has installed.
Asd a test, you might try a non-Matrox project, just to see what happens.
Thanks for your replies.
Yes, I have tried a non matrox project, and as I suspected it makes no difference at all.
To my mind, there's either a problem with the type of audio file i'm using to test the bass - ie one where not all content is diverted through to the LF channel...or it's to do with the routing. For example, when I add the LF file to the track and play it before I switch in the bass dial, it appears in whatever channel meter I have selected by the puck....all as expected. Then when I switch in the bass dial it filters into the LF channel, as illustrated by the ch 6 VU meter, but it also remains in the original tracks...depending on where I place the puck.
In theory, as I'm creating a test file this shouldn't matter because the LF signal won't be able to be played back on those other channels...but I think we could also be in danger of sending LF down the non LF channels and maybe cause some damage...
Some additional info
I've tried this with a completely different set up - a mac running CS3 - and get exactly the same result. I also tried a number of different low frequency files.
It's just a bit strange. The centre dial behaves exactly as it should - when you switch it in, the centre signal led rises and drops out of the other channels...but when you do exactly the same excercise with the bass dial, with a bass clip, it flows into the LF channel but doesn't drop out of the source channels...
I ran a little test in 2.0 with two files - 440 Hz sine and 60 Hz sine.
I created a sequence with six mono tracks and one 5.1 Master track. I placed the 440 Hz file in each of the 5 main channels and steered them appropriately. I placed the 60 Hz in the LFE channel and experimented with steering.
What I found was that even as far back as 2.0, there's just no way to create a fully discrete LFE track. No matter where I steered it, some portion of it always came out one of more of the main channels. The 440 Hz tone stayed discrete if the puck was fully in its little 'hole' for that channel. Just not the LFE track.
My tenttive conclusion is that this is by design. Though I don't know enough about multichannel mixing to explain why.
Thanks very much for your work Jim - I very much appreciate it.
I agree with your conclusion that it's just not possible to achieve a discreet LF channel test signal.
I did find a bass management plugin which enabled me to do it eventually, adding an additional 5.1 track to the project and filtering out the other channels, but now I have a whole new issue. I'm going to be encoding via Dolby surcode, and the channel layout preset for that is L,R,C,LFE,Ls,Rs and no matter what I try I can't get the channel layout in Premiere to match that. I can change the configuration for the sound card (axio), but as it all sits in Premiere, its L,R,Ls,Rs,C,LFE. I've encoded one test file for trial, and contacted the surcode guys, just incase the software can somehow detect the layout, but I doubt it!
The reason you can't do this is because the Audio Mixer in Premiere is flawed!
You are suppose to be able to put effects on a LFE channel exclusively. But in their design, you have to put the "Puck" somewhere. What they should have done is included a checkbox to remove the "Puck." That way if you dial up the Bass Clef knob and put your mono track out to the LFE channel, it will only go there.
See my tutorial to get around this:
thanks very much for your input on this issue.
I did find a work around, which ended up serving us well:
In order to create a discrete LFE channel, we created a 5.1 channel, and used a bit of free software - http://www.kellyindustries.com/bass_manager_premiere.html which allowed me to create audio for LFE only, with a bit of fiddling.
It then seemed that the surcode exporter automatically re-arranges the audio channel order to meet the requirements for pro audio.
I hope that helps/adds to your knowledge base.
I discovered an easier method.
As we know, the Audio Mixer in Premiere has a flaw. You can't assign a track only to the LFE channel.
Here is the solution:
Import your Low frequency file into the project tab.
Select the file and click on Clip>Audio Options>Source Channel Mappings..., now under "Track Format" select 5.1, and repeatedly click the Channel tile until the Bass Clef appears.
It should look like this:
You just converted your mono LFE file into a virtual 5.1 surround file, with the LFE audio only on the LFE channel. This is the only way to achieve this solely in Premiere.
Now drag the LFE file from the project panel to the sequence. Notice that Premiere shows the track as a 5.1 surround track even though it's really mono.
Your file will now only play in the LFE channel.
For more info see my tutorial, Surround sound mastering..., here: http://forums.adobe.com/thread/517372
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