I have seen similar questions here on the forum but either they are not what I'm looking for, or older versions of LR.
What I need is to import from one folder / memory card and mark some of the photos with different shoot names or headline. This name should then be used as a final folder name.
My current structure:
- 07_Vacation in Denmark
- 07_Trip to Oslo
I have 20.000 photos in this structure already imported by Bibble and before that Downloader Pro. I would like to do everything in one program, not have to use Downloader Pro every time I need to structure my photos.
The only way I have seen to do this in Lightroom 4 is to do multiple imports and that gets annoying! This is the biggest factor for me if I will continue with Bibble / Corel Aftershot or go for Lightroom.
Lightroom version: 4.1 
Operating system: Windows Vista Service Pack 2 (Build 6002)
Version: 6.0 
Application architecture: x64
System architecture: x64
Physical processor count: 4
Processor speed: 2,6 GHz
Built-in memory: 8190,1 MB
Real memory available to Lightroom: 8190,1 MB
Real memory used by Lightroom: 862,5 MB (10,5%)
Virtual memory used by Lightroom: 884,6 MB
Memory cache size: 1236,5 MB
System DPI setting: 96 DPI
Desktop composition enabled: Yes
Displays: 1) 1280x1024
IMO this will largely depend on the groupings within the images you are importing - and on what pattern of folders you want them to go into.
One idea: If images from the same card have been taken on different days, LR can separate the imports automatically "by date". LR will make new subfolders to an automatic naming scheme that you specify, but it is a simple matter to go back immediately afterward, and rename these as desired within LR's Folders panel. LR can be told to put these into the suitable "year" higher level folder (month too, if desired) so an import preset which implements this, can continue to be used longterm.
Another idea: it is possible with many cameras, to start a fresh folder on the camera card on demand. This can highlght a natural break (for example, between shooting one occasion and a different occasion later on the same day). LR normally is expected to ignore folders within the camera card but can instead be set to organise its import "by original folder". It will then sort the imported images into correspondingly separate subfolders. Again, these can be renamed afterward.
Thanks for the suggestions
I do not always empty my memory card after every time I have shot a few pictures. In some cases I might have shoots over several months if I have been lazy. I often have a whole vacation as one shoot and that does not fit a single day.
As an amateur photographer I do not have the time to give each shoot a certain amount of time. Some times I just need to import all photos to their respective folders and convert the lot to JPEG. Some times I give my self more time to fix everything just like I want it.
The best idea I think is to have a folder for each month or year and then create the folders afterwards.
But the short answer for my question is no?!?