View > Navigation Panels > Pages
Open the Options menu (drop-down associated with the "cogwheel" icon).
Select 'Number Pages' and look over the configuration options.
Then, visit Acrobat Help to review the what and how of this feature.
Also, look over "logical page numbers".
In Acrobat's Preferences, in the Page Display category, you can tick/untick the option
"Use logical page numbers" - this affects what is displayed for pages in the toolbar.
You ought to be able to configure PDF page ranges to reflect what is in/on the scanned images you've placed into PDF.
Thanks for the roadmap you provided. I was able to adjust all of the numbering in the PDF file to match perfectly the numbering used in the printed book. It wasn't that complicated to do. I think what made it hard to figure this out was figuring out where to look.
Moreover, setting up hotlinks in the TOC is now a piece of cake. It goes much smoother because the page number I see on the TOC is the actual number I need to use in the Hot link dialogue window. Before the TOC page numbering didn't match the page counter and this was complicating setting up hot links. Again, thanks a lot for the help.
I am trying to do the same in Acrobat X Pro, with a PDF book I received from a publisher. The Display Logical Page Numbers is selected in Preferences, but I can't figure out how to actually set the correct logical page number. I can't find any "Number Pages" as CtDave describes.