22 Replies Latest reply: May 1, 2012 4:59 AM by osgood_ RSS

    Rearranging of content on different size screens

    soChastic

      Hello,

       

      First of all this is the first time I have posted here and it's for a problem that I can't seem to fix. Let me get straight to the point. This is how my webpage had looked when designing it:

       

      design.png

                   This is on full size resolution (how i was designing my website). I am working on a fairly large monitor 23" 1920 x 1080.

       

      When I click on a different size view/resolution in the bottom right, resize the window (make it smaller), or view it on a lower resolution or smaller monitor, the content gets rearranged like this:

       

       

      design3.png

               When set to 1280 x 875
      design4.png

                     In a resized browser.

       

      I am aware that there is a secton on AP <div> tags in this forum, but I am sure that do not have any AP elements. I am using the Two column liquid header and footer layout. Any ideas on how to fix or correct this so that it can be resized/viewed on a smaller monitor without it rearranging everything.

       

      Thank you in advance.

        • 1. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
          codeDawg Community Member

          soChastic wrote:

           

          ... I am using the Two column liquid header and footer layout. Any ideas on how to fix or correct this so that it can be resized/viewed on a smaller monitor without it rearranging everything.

           

          Thank you in advance.

           

          Hi soChastic - the reason why your page rearranges is because you are using a "liquid" layout.  Change this to "fixed" and your problem will go away.

          • 2. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
            soChastic Community Member

            So, how do i change it to fixed?

            • 3. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
              osgood_ CommunityMVP

              soChastic wrote:

               

              So, how do i change it to fixed?

               

              Can you post your code and css here?

               

              According to my 2 col header, sidebar, footer liquid layout taken from Dreamweaver templates your construction should NOT act like that.

               

              Try putting a min-width: 700px; on the container: (see below)

               

               

              .twoColLiqLtHdr #container {

              width: 80%;  /* this will create a container 80% of the browser width */

              background: #FFFFFF;

              margin: 0 auto; /* the auto margins (in conjunction with a width) center the page */

              border: 1px solid #000000;

              text-align: left; /* this overrides the text-align: center on the body element. */

              min-width: 700px;

              }

              • 4. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                sudarshan.t CommunityMVP

                Post your current HTML and CSS code here so we can let you know what to change to make it fixed layout

                • 5. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                  soChastic Community Member

                  HTML:

                   

                  <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

                  <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

                  <head>

                  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />

                  <!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="doctitle" -->

                  <title>Untitled Document</title>

                  <!-- TemplateEndEditable -->

                  <!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="head" -->

                  <!-- TemplateEndEditable -->

                  <link href="../twoColLiqLtHdr.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /><!--[if lte IE 7]>

                  <style>

                  .content { margin-right: -1px; } /* this 1px negative margin can be placed on any of the columns in this layout with the same corrective effect. */

                  ul.nav a { zoom: 1; }  /* the zoom property gives IE the hasLayout trigger it needs to correct extra whiltespace between the links */

                  </style>

                  <![endif]-->

                  <script src="../SpryAssets/SpryMenuBar.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

                  <link href="../SpryAssets/SpryMenuBarVertical.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />

                  </head>

                   

                  <body>

                   

                  <div class="container">

                    <div class="header"><!-- end .header --><a href="../index.html"><img src="../images/hills.jpg" width="1257" height="270" alt="Hills" longdesc="file:///C|/Users/Pranav/Documents/Website Development/Education For Excellence/images/hills.jpg" /></a></div>

                    <div class="sidebar1">

                  <ul id="MenuBar1" class="MenuBarVertical">

                        <li><a href="../index.html">Home</a></li>

                        <li><a href="../courses.html">Courses</a>      </li>

                        <li><a href="../study_skills.html">Study Skills</a></li>

                  <li><a href="../registration.html">Register Here</a></li>

                        <li><a href="../about_us.html">About Us</a>      </li>

                        <li><a href="../contact_us.html">Contact Us</a></li>

                      </ul>

                      <p> </p>

                      <p><a href="http://www.facebook.com/edu4excel"><img src="../images/fb.png" alt="Facebook" width="31" height="31" align="absmiddle" longdesc="../images/fb.png" /> Like us!</a>  </p>

                      <p><a href="http://www.youtube.com/education4excellence"><img src="../images/youtube.png" alt="YouTube" width="31" height="31" align="absmiddle" longdesc="../images/youtube.png" /></a> <a href="http://www.youtube.com/education4excellence">Subscribe today!</a></p>

                    <!-- end .sidebar1 --></div>

                    <div class="content">

                      <h1><!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="heading" -->Instructions<!-- TemplateEndEditable --></h1>

                      <!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="text" -->

                      <p>Be aware that the CSS for these layouts is heavily commented. If you do most of your work in Design view, have a peek at the code to get tips on working with the CSS for the liquid layouts. You can remove these comments before you launch your site. To learn more about the techniques used in these CSS Layouts, read this article at Adobe's Developer Center - <a href="http://www.adobe.com/go/adc_css_layouts">http://www.adobe.com/go/adc_css_layouts</a>.</p>

                      <h2>Clearing Method</h2>

                      <p>Because all the columns are floated, this layout uses a clear:both declaration in the .footer rule.  This clearing technique forces the .container to understand where the columns end in order to show any borders or background colors you place on the .container. If your design requires you to remove the .footer from the .container, you'll need to use a different clearing method. The most reliable will be to add a &lt;br class=&quot;clearfloat&quot; /&gt; or &lt;div  class=&quot;clearfloat&quot;&gt;&lt;/div&gt; after your final floated column (but before the .container closes). This will have the same clearing effect.</p>

                      <h3>Logo Replacement</h3>

                      <p>An image placeholder was used in this layout in the .header where you'll likely want to place  a logo. It is recommended that you remove the placeholder and replace it with your own linked logo. </p>

                      <p> Be aware that if you use the Property inspector to navigate to your logo image using the SRC field (instead of removing and replacing the placeholder), you should remove the inline background and display properties. These inline styles are only used to make the logo placeholder show up in browsers for demonstration purposes. </p>

                      <p>To remove the inline styles, make sure your CSS Styles panel is set to Current. Select the image, and in the Properties pane of the CSS Styles panel, right click and delete the display and background properties. (Of course, you can always go directly into the code and delete the inline styles from the image or placeholder there.)</p>

                      <h4>Internet Explorer Conditional Comments</h4>

                      <p>These liquid layouts contain an Internet Explorer Conditional Comment (IECC) to correct two issues. </p>

                      <ol>

                        <li>Browsers are inconsistent in the way they round div sizes in percent-based layouts. If the browser must render a number like 144.5px or 564.5px, they have to round it to the nearest whole number. Safari and Opera round down, Internet Explorer rounds up and Firefox rounds one column up and one down filling the container completely. These rounding issues can cause inconsistencies in some layouts. In this IECC there is a 1px negative margin to fix IE. You may move it to any of the columns (and on either the left or right) to suit your layout needs.</li>

                        <li>The zoom property was added to the anchor within the navigation list since, in some cases, extra white space will be rendered in IE6 and IE7. Zoom gives IE its proprietary hasLayout property to fix this issue.</li>

                      </ol>

                      <h4>Backgrounds</h4>

                      <p>By nature, the background color on any div will only show for the length of the content. This means if you're using a background color or border to create the look of a side column, it won't extend all the way to the footer but will stop when the content ends. If the .content div will always contain more content, you can place a border on the .content div to divide it from the column.</p>

                      <!-- TemplateEndEditable -->

                      <!-- end .content --></div>

                    <div class="footer">

                  <p> Copyright &copy; 2012 Education for Excellence</p>

                   

                    <!-- end .footer --></div>

                    <!-- end .container --></div>

                  <script type="text/javascript">

                  var MenuBar1 = new Spry.Widget.MenuBar("MenuBar1", {imgRight:"../SpryAssets/SpryMenuBarRightHover.gif"});

                  </script>

                  </body>

                  </html>

                  • 6. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                    soChastic Community Member

                    CSS:

                     

                    @charset "utf-8";

                    body {

                        font: 100%/1.4 Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;

                        background: #EEEEEE;

                        margin: 0;

                        padding: 0;

                        color: #000;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ Element/tag selectors ~~ */

                    ul, ol, dl { /* Due to variations between browsers, it's best practices to zero padding and margin on lists. For consistency, you can either specify the amounts you want here, or on the list items (LI, DT, DD) they contain. Remember that what you do here will cascade to the .nav list unless you write a more specific selector. */

                        padding: 0;

                        margin: 0;

                    }

                    h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6{

                        margin-top: 0;     /* removing the top margin gets around an issue where margins can escape from their containing div. The remaining bottom margin will hold it away from any elements that follow. */

                        padding-right: 15px;

                        padding-left: 15px; /* adding the padding to the sides of the elements within the divs, instead of the divs themselves, gets rid of any box model math. A nested div with side padding can also be used as an alternate method. */

                        color: #82CA9C;

                        font-family: "Southland JF";

                        font-style: italic;

                    }

                    p {

                        margin-top: 0;

                        padding-right: 15px;

                        padding-left: 15px;

                        color: #89946B;

                        font-family: Georgia;

                        font-style: normal;

                    }

                    a img { /* this selector removes the default blue border displayed in some browsers around an image when it is surrounded by a link */

                        border: none;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ Styling for your site's links must remain in this order - including the group of selectors that create the hover effect. ~~ */

                    a:link {

                        color:#89946B;

                        text-decoration: underline; /* unless you style your links to look extremely unique, it's best to provide underlines for quick visual identification */

                    }

                    a:visited {

                        color: #4E5869;

                        text-decoration: underline;

                    }

                    a:hover, a:active, a:focus { /* this group of selectors will give a keyboard navigator the same hover experience as the person using a mouse. */

                        text-decoration: none;

                        color: #89946B;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ this container surrounds all other divs giving them their percentage-based width ~~ */

                    .container {

                        width: 80%;

                        max-width: 1260px;/* a max-width may be desirable to keep this layout from getting too wide on a large monitor. This keeps line length more readable. IE6 does not respect this declaration. */

                        min-width: 780px;/* a min-width may be desirable to keep this layout from getting too narrow. This keeps line length more readable in the side columns. IE6 does not respect this declaration. */

                        background: #FCFCE3;

                        margin: 0 auto; /* the auto value on the sides, coupled with the width, centers the layout. It is not needed if you set the .container's width to 100%. */

                        position: relative;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ the header is not given a width. It will extend the full width of your layout. It contains an image placeholder that should be replaced with your own linked logo ~~ */

                    .header {

                        background: #FCFCE3;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ These are the columns for the layout. ~~

                     

                    1) Padding is only placed on the top and/or bottom of the divs. The elements within these divs have padding on their sides. This saves you from any "box model math". Keep in mind, if you add any side padding or border to the div itself, it will be added to the width you define to create the *total* width. You may also choose to remove the padding on the element in the div and place a second div within it with no width and the padding necessary for your design.

                     

                    2) No margin has been given to the columns since they are all floated. If you must add margin, avoid placing it on the side you're floating toward (for example: a right margin on a div set to float right). Many times, padding can be used instead. For divs where this rule must be broken, you should add a "display:inline" declaration to the div's rule to tame a bug where some versions of Internet Explorer double the margin.

                     

                    3) Since classes can be used multiple times in a document (and an element can also have multiple classes applied), the columns have been assigned class names instead of IDs. For example, two sidebar divs could be stacked if necessary. These can very easily be changed to IDs if that's your preference, as long as you'll only be using them once per document.

                     

                    4) If you prefer your nav on the right instead of the left, simply float these columns the opposite direction (all right instead of all left) and they'll render in reverse order. There's no need to move the divs around in the HTML source.

                     

                    */

                    .sidebar1 {

                        float: left;

                        width: 235px;

                        background: #FFF;

                        padding-bottom: 10px;

                        border: ridge;

                        border-color:#F93;

                    }

                    .content {

                        padding: 10px 0;

                        width: 80%;

                        float: left;

                        text-align: left;

                        font-family: Georgia;

                        font-style: italic;

                        font-weight: normal;

                        border: ridge;

                        border-color: #F93;

                        background-color: #FFF;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ This grouped selector gives the lists in the .content area space ~~ */

                    .content ul, .content ol {

                        padding: 0 15px 15px 40px; /* this padding mirrors the right padding in the headings and paragraph rule above. Padding was placed on the bottom for space between other elements on the lists and on the left to create the indention. These may be adjusted as you wish. */

                        color: #89946B;

                        font-size: 11pt;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ The navigation list styles (can be removed if you choose to use a premade flyout menu like Spry) ~~ */

                    ul.nav {

                        list-style: none; /* this removes the list marker */

                        border-top: 1px solid #666; /* this creates the top border for the links - all others are placed using a bottom border on the LI */

                        margin-bottom: 15px; /* this creates the space between the navigation on the content below */

                    }

                    ul.nav li {

                        border-bottom: 1px solid #666; /* this creates the button separation */

                    }

                    ul.nav a, ul.nav a:visited { /* grouping these selectors makes sure that your links retain their button look even after being visited */

                        padding: 5px 5px 5px 15px;

                        display: block; /* this gives the link block properties causing it to fill the whole LI containing it. This causes the entire area to react to a mouse click. */

                        text-decoration: none;

                        background: #8090AB;

                        color: #000;

                    }

                    ul.nav a:hover, ul.nav a:active, ul.nav a:focus { /* this changes the background and text color for both mouse and keyboard navigators */

                        background: #6F7D94;

                        color: #FFF;

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ The footer ~~ */

                    .footer {

                        padding: 10px 0;

                        background: #FCFCE3;

                        position: relative;/* this gives IE6 hasLayout to properly clear */

                        clear: both; /* this clear property forces the .container to understand where the columns end and contain them */

                    }

                     

                    /* ~~ miscellaneous float/clear classes ~~ */

                    .fltrt {  /* this class can be used to float an element right in your page. The floated element must precede the element it should be next to on the page. */

                        float: right;

                        margin-left: 8px;

                    }

                    .fltlft { /* this class can be used to float an element left in your page. The floated element must precede the element it should be next to on the page. */

                        float: left;

                        margin-right: 8px;

                    }

                    .clearfloat { /* this class can be placed on a <br /> or empty div as the final element following the last floated div (within the #container) if the #footer is removed or taken out of the #container */

                        clear:both;

                        height:0;

                        font-size: 1px;

                        line-height: 0px;

                    }

                    .container .content ul li ul li {

                        font-size: 10pt;

                    }

                    .container .content table tr th div {

                        font-family: Georgia;

                        font-size: 100%;

                        font-style: italic;

                        font-weight: normal;

                        color: #89946B;

                    }

                    .container .content table tr th {

                        font-family: Georgia;

                        font-size: 12pt;

                        font-weight: normal;

                        color: #89946B;

                        position: absolute;

                        text-align: left;

                    }

                    .container .content table tr td {

                        font-family: Georgia;

                        font-size: 100%;

                        font-style: italic;

                        font-weight: normal;

                        color: #89946B;

                    }

                     

                    .container .content table tr th {

                        border-right-color: #FFFFFF;

                        border-top-color: #FFFFFF;

                        border-bottom-color: #FFFFFF;

                        border-left-color: #FFFFFF;

                    }

                    .container .content table {border-color: #FC0;}

                     

                    .announcements {

                        width: 300px;

                        float: left;

                        text-align: left;

                        border-right-style: dashed;

                        border-top-color: #FFF;

                        border-right-color: #B69102;

                        border-bottom-color: #FFF;

                        border-left-color: #FFF;

                        border-right-width: thin;

                    }

                     

                    .announcements-inner {

                        padding: 0 60px 0 0;

                    }

                     

                    .news {

                        width: 375px;

                        float: left;

                        border-right-width: thin;

                        border-right-style: none;

                        border-right-color: #FFFFFF;

                    }

                     

                    .calendar {

                        width: 325px;

                        float: left;

                        border-left-width: thin;

                        border-left-style: dashed;

                        border-left-color: #B69102;

                    }

                     

                    .announcements h3 {

                        text-align: left;

                    }

                     

                    .news h3 {

                        text-align: center;

                    }

                     

                    .calendar h3 {

                        text-align: center;

                    }

                     

                    .quote {

                        width: 150px;

                        float: right;

                        clear: both;

                    }

                    • 7. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                      soChastic Community Member

                      Sorry about the Dreamweaver default comments... Need to take those out.

                      • 8. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                        soChastic Community Member

                        osgood_ wrote:

                         

                        soChastic wrote:

                         

                        So, how do i change it to fixed?

                         

                        Can you post your code and css here?

                         

                        According to my 2 col header, sidebar, footer liquid layout taken from Dreamweaver templates your construction should NOT act like that.

                         

                        Try putting a min-width: 700px; on the container: (see below)

                         

                         

                        .twoColLiqLtHdr #container {

                        width: 80%;  /* this will create a container 80% of the browser width */

                        background: #FFFFFF;

                        margin: 0 auto; /* the auto margins (in conjunction with a width) center the page */

                        border: 1px solid #000000;

                        text-align: left; /* this overrides the text-align: center on the body element. */

                        min-width: 700px;

                        }

                        I tried copying that over to the .container. Didn't work... sorry. Thanks for replying though

                        • 9. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                          osgood_ CommunityMVP

                          Change your content css to as below:

                           

                          .content {

                          padding: 10px 0;

                          margin-left: 238px;

                          text-align: left;

                          font-family: Georgia;

                          font-style: italic;

                          font-weight: normal;

                          border: ridge;

                          border-color: #F93;

                          background-color: #FFF;

                          }

                          • 10. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                            soChastic Community Member

                            Thank you. That seems to have fixed my problem. Is it possible to have the header picture (I've put a picture in the header thats stretched out across it) get smaller just as the content box does?

                            • 11. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                              sudarshan.t CommunityMVP

                              Add a fixed width to your .header CSS

                               

                              width: 800px; or width: 80%;

                              • 12. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                soChastic Community Member

                                Sudarshan Thiagarajan wrote:

                                 

                                Add a fixed width to your .header CSS

                                 

                                width: 800px; or width: 80%;

                                Hmm... that didn't seem to work.

                                • 13. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                  osgood_ CommunityMVP

                                  soChastic wrote:

                                   

                                  Thank you. That seems to have fixed my problem. Is it possible to have the header picture (I've put a picture in the header thats stretched out across it) get smaller just as the content box does?

                                   

                                  If you want an image which scales as the viewport is dragged narrower and wider then add the below css to your styles

                                   

                                  .header img {

                                  max-width: 100%;

                                  }

                                   

                                   

                                  Then get rid of the width and height attributes set on the image: (see below)

                                   

                                  <img src="../images/hills.jpg" alt="Hills" longdesc="file:///C|/Users/Pranav/Documents/Website Development/Education For Excellence/images/hills.jpg" />

                                   

                                  Incidentally your image is incorrectly linked.......file:////C blah blah is wrong and won't work once you go live. You need to re-link that so its correct.

                                  • 14. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                    soChastic Community Member

                                    osgood_ wrote:

                                     

                                    soChastic wrote:

                                     

                                    Thank you. That seems to have fixed my problem. Is it possible to have the header picture (I've put a picture in the header thats stretched out across it) get smaller just as the content box does?

                                     

                                    If you want an image which scales as the viewport is dragged narrower and wider then add the below css to your styles

                                     

                                    .header img {

                                    max-width: 100%;

                                    }

                                     

                                     

                                    Then get rid of the width and height attributes set on the image: (see below)

                                     

                                    <img src="../images/hills.jpg" alt="Hills" longdesc="file:///C|/Users/Pranav/Documents/Website Development/Education For Excellence/images/hills.jpg" />

                                     

                                    Incidentally your image is incorrectly linked.......file:////C blah blah is wrong and won't work once you go live. You need to re-link that so its correct.

                                    Yeah, I'm working on it locally now so I guess the link won't matter for now. The css that you asked me to insert still doesn't seem to work.

                                    • 15. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                      osgood_ CommunityMVP

                                      soChastic wrote:

                                       

                                      The css that you asked me to insert still doesn't seem to work.

                                       

                                      Then you are doing something wrong. The image will automatically scale once the container width goes below 1260px wide.

                                      • 16. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                        soChastic Community Member

                                        osgood_ wrote:

                                         

                                        soChastic wrote:

                                         

                                        The css that you asked me to insert still doesn't seem to work.

                                         

                                        Then you are doing something wrong. The image will automatically scale once the container width goes below 1260px wide.

                                        Ok.. I got it fixed... I simply put max-width= 100% in the .header section.

                                        • 17. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                          soChastic Community Member

                                          Um... another question also... is there a way i can find out the % value from a pixel value? I have a JQuery slider that I have set having a width of 1000 px and I want to set the max width as a percentage to make it autoscale as well... or does it not matter? Can I just put a px value in the max-width property?

                                          • 18. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                            Nancy O. CommunityMVP

                                            I have a JQuery slider that I have set having a width of 1000 px and I want to set the max width as a percentage to make it autoscale as well.

                                            This would be like having a picture canvas of set dimensions inside a collapsing picture frame.  It won't work.

                                             

                                             

                                            Nancy O.

                                            • 19. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                              soChastic Community Member

                                              Nancy O. wrote:

                                               

                                              I have a JQuery slider that I have set having a width of 1000 px and I want to set the max width as a percentage to make it autoscale as well.

                                              This would be like having a picture canvas of set dimensions inside a collapsing picture frame.  It won't work.

                                               

                                               

                                              Nancy O.

                                              So the images/content can't dynamically resize with the slider itself when the browser window gets dragged to different sizes? I know this discussion is dragging along quite a bit but any ideas on how to have <div> containers resize (just as osgood kindly gave me the code to to the same for the .content section)?

                                               

                                              I tried adding the max-width: 1000px; property to the .announcements, .news and .calendar (These are the names of the classes that is used for the div tags.)

                                               

                                              I also tried adding that same max-width property to .content div { }, without a result. Any Ideas?

                                              • 20. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                                codeDawg Community Member

                                                soChastic wrote:

                                                 

                                                ...

                                                I also tried adding that same max-width property to .content div { }, without a result. Any Ideas?

                                                 

                                                 

                                                Well, there's always a way ... usually more than one and some harder than others.

                                                Like Nancy O, I doubt if there's a way to do it in the CSS.

                                                 

                                                On the other hand, if you're willing and able to start writing javascript code - well, that opens up a bunch of possibilities

                                                 

                                                Pseudo-code:

                                                     On browser resize event

                                                          jQuerySlider.Width = (client.Width * 0.8)

                                                 

                                                Or something to that effect.  Replace the '0.8' with whatever percentage of the browser width you want.

                                                After you get that to work you may have to tinker with the 'height' dimension to keep the images scaled properly.

                                                I don't know how your slider handles image scaling.

                                                 

                                                ~codeDawg

                                                • 21. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                                  soChastic Community Member

                                                  any ideas with the <div>?

                                                  • 22. Re: Rearranging of content on different size screens
                                                    osgood_ CommunityMVP

                                                    I don't know what your jquery slider consists of? If it's just one image flicking over to another then just make the images max-width: 100%; in a <div> set as a percentage width.

                                                     

                                                    You can't set a <div> at a specific width of 1000px then expect it to scale when the browser viewport is widened and narrowed.

                                                    you have to set the <div> as a percentage width then it will scale along with the images.