Does everything work properly when you disable the GPU?
Are you saying that your photos display differently inside Lightroom when you disable the GPU?
Although I've never heard about that happening, I guess it could be caused by a bad monitor profile.
Are you on Windows 10 by any chance?
When I tried it towards the beginning of the issue it fixed the crashing in develop mode with filter enabled... However, I can't be sure if that was fixed by me disabling it or if it just was one of those off-times it worked.
Currently, my whites display as blueish in the library tab, and correct in the develop tab. Disabling GPU acceleration causes the whites to stay tinted blue when I carry images over into develop.
I would say you're on to something with the monitor profile because I've had a lot of struggles with monitor profile turning the whites blue in photoshop as well (I've finally gotten it to work normally now but that took a long time to figure out).
I am indeed on Windows 10.
When Library and Develop display differently, it's always caused by a bad/defective/corrupted/incompatible monitor profile.
And Windows 10 is known to install low quality profiles when doing updates. These profiles (that are supplied by monitor manufacterers) are suprisingly often defective out of the box.
To fix the problem, at least temporarily, set the monitor profile to sRGB, or if you have wide gamut monitor, to Adobe RGB.
Then you should ideally calibrate your monitor with a hardware calibrator, which will create a profile that accurately describes your monitor. Depending on your requirements (and your monitor), using a standard profile like sRGB or Adobe RGB may be good enough.
Press the Windows key+R, type colorcpl in the box, and hit Enter.
Add the sRGB (or Adobe RGB) profile, then set it as Default profile. See screenshot (from Windows 7) below.
You should now have the same colors in Library and Develop.
Updating your graphics driver may allow you to work with the GPU enabled.
If not, it's no big deal, unless you have a 4 or 5k monitor.
Most people see no performance increase with the GPU enabled, quite a few actually report worse performance with the GPU enabled.
Okay, so I tried that but I couldn't add a profile, the button was greyed out. Anyways, I re-calibrated and now the colours are the same, however they appear to be slightly off still, just the same. It works for me temporarily. I guess I'll wait it out until they release an update for lightroom that may change something.
If the Add button was greyed out, Use my settings for this device was not checked.
Can you go back into the Color management dialog, and check that the profile you just created now is set as Default?
A Lightroom update will not fix your color problem, this is a Windows problem, although it might fix the GPU problem.
Did you make sure that your grahics driver is up to date?