I think this might be possible with a script and might be best posted in that forum.
Besides the adjustment layers and each layer, does the background layer need to be included as this will affect the results.
I have now written a script that should do the required actions.
It allows you to have as many adjustment layers as you wish, only visible ajustment layers will be used.
Layersets are ignored but layers within layersets can be extracted.
The inclusion of the backgound layer is optional.
User selected layers or all layers are supported.
It will save in PNG, PSD, PDF, TIF, JPG or JPG SFW
It can be downloaded from...
doing action on one photo only with any effects or filtters .
doing Droplet = File > Automate > Create Droplet.
for more details with pictures here