There are two timeout one for session management and other for Renderer. I am assuming you are asking for renderer as it is missing in the documentation. If /timeout "200" then it will wait for 200ms to connect to renderer, if defined "0" then it will wait indefinitely until connected. In case you have two renderers defined along with timeout specified. Then if one node is not responding then other node will handle the request. Some times specifying parameter will help to serve pages from cached copies when publish servers are offline.
Thanks Sham, that is very useful information. I was asking for renderer. I have one more related query.
We have three renderer's configured in our environment. The Apache webserver and CQ5 app server are installed on different servers UNIX and Windows respectively, although within the same datacentre. Considering this scenario, can you recommend ideal "timeout" value?
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The value deponds on various factor like requirement, network speed & type of application. There is no general guidelines. The impact of less timeout will be wait less, and so retry faster. By default it is indefinitely until connected.