The patcher didn't change the Help > About values reported, so if you've applied the patch and FM10 is running, I would assume that you're fully patched to the latest version. he FM patches are sequential, but they (as of late) do check to see if you're missing any and will notify you if the patching process can proceed.
So, if I read you aright, running the installer patch would have notified me if earlier patches were missing? though, as you say, the most important thing is that FM 10 is running :-}
I think it just honks at you and demands the prior patch be loaded first