Forget it. All Adobe programs must be installed correctly for the licensing system to work, so any hacking just to extract certain files is wasted effort. You'd still have to install eventually...
I should clarify; I would run this, at this time, mythical program to extract the presets, settings, etc.
Then when I recreate the OS load the Adobe Master Collection 5.5 in the normal way.
Then use the mythical program to deposit the presets, settings, etc. into the appropriate program.
Adobe does have some pages documenting where it keeps preference et. al. files. For example, this one for Photoshop CS5:
I do know that overlaying the contents of the Adobe Photoshop CS5 Settings folder does restore most of the preferences. The Color Settings are in a file called Color Settings.csf in another folder (depending on OS). What I don't know is whether there are paths in those files that will differ depending on how you reinstall your system.
You'll want to reinstall all your plug-ins again, much the same as when you reinstall Photoshop. But you can make a copy of your Plug-ins subfolders from your 32 and 64 bit Photoshop installation areas just for good measure, to make sure you don't forget some of them.
As for other programs in the suite... You'll have to look for that info separately.