An application cannot bring down the operating system. You have
something else seriously wrong.
A bad driver, or bad hardware such as RAM can cause a blue screen. I ran
Win 7 from its release until I moved to Win 8. The only blue screen I
ever saw was a catastrophic harddrive crash.
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Are you able to read the blue screen? It should tell you where the problem is if it stays on long enough. My bet is video driver... or maybe some bad RAM, but the only thing large about placing a large file is the preview.
Confirming both Bob & Peters' responses.
InDesign itself does not run at an operating system privilege level that would allow it any function that could crash Windows. Most likely you are dealing with a driver or hardware issue.
At Adobe we are not aware of any problems reported against InDesign of the type you mention.