Try setting use software rendering in advanced preferences. If this does not work bring up the Event View in OS and see if you can find errors, especially Faulting Module.
Let me describe the task that seems to be so trying for Bridge: I am simply opening a folder that may contain several hundred jpg photos, 5-10MB in size. I have a mathematical approach to photography. If I want a dozen decent quality photos, I take a gazillion of them and the laws of probability seem to favor me. I tried splitting the folder into 3 sub-folders and dividing the jpgs between them. No help.
I did the hardware acceleration change you suggested and it still crashed.
Here are the details from the Bridge crash dialog screen.
Thanks for your help.
Problem Event Name: APPCRASH
Application Name: Bridge.exe
Application Version: 126.96.36.199
Application Timestamp: 50d9a019
Fault Module Name: StackHash_616b
Fault Module Version: 6.1.7601.17725
Fault Module Timestamp: 4ec4aa8e
Exception Code: c0000374
Exception Offset: 00000000000c40f2
OS Version: 6.1.7601.2.1.0.256.1
Locale ID: 1033
Additional Information 1: 616b
Additional Information 2: 616b82bd806673b43f5b3a110bcea586
Additional Information 3: 6a1d
Additional Information 4: 6a1dffa03622ccc36169fc37ae7d923e
Here are details from Windows Event Viewer
Log Name: Application
Source: Application Error
Date: 6/24/2013 5:34:25 PM
Event ID: 1000
Task Category: (100)
Faulting application name: Bridge.exe, version: 188.8.131.52, time stamp: 0x50d9a019
Faulting module name: ntdll.dll, version: 6.1.7601.17725, time stamp: 0x4ec4aa8e
Exception code: 0xc0000374
Fault offset: 0x00000000000c40f2
Faulting process id: 0x538
Faulting application start time: 0x01ce713ba1fb7fdf
Faulting application path: C:\Program Files\Adobe\Adobe Bridge CS6 (64 Bit)\Bridge.exe
Faulting module path: C:\Windows\SYSTEM32\ntdll.dll
Report Id: fc07dad4-dd2e-11e2-bee8-005056c00008
Usually the Faulting Module is the error problem. In the case above it is StackHash_616b and ntdll.dll
Unless you have a computer guru suggest you search this out on the web. Be wary of sites that promise to fix the problem by buying their download.