No. Not natively though there may be some third party tools.
I hate reading this kind of thing because quite frankly it points to
some pretty poorly trained employees.
You might be able to get adequate protection this way:
Set all your fixed items up on a page, and export that page to PDF. Use Acrobat Pro to password protect the PDF from editing, then place it on the master page of your deliverable template on a locked layer. Now instead of various "free-floating" items, all your protected elements can only move together as one page-size item which is protected from external editing.
Thanks but I did also have that idea. Picture this...I will use that scenario with the mailing side of a BRM. The one with the Post Net code and FIM bars. There is nothing stopping the creative team from unlocking the layer, copying the placed pdf, pasting and cropping that pdf several times moving the information to fit their "creative needs". That BRM information is position critical for the USPS. I know that this is an extreme example, but I'm sure you get the point. I realize a locked layer in InDesign should always mean hands off, but there are too many people out there that think a tweak or two won't hurt.
Another feature I would like to have in InDesign and Illustrator is the layer color option to be the same as Photoshop. If you color a layer in say red for "STOP", the entire layer in the palette becomes red. Not just that silly little verticle bar that's easy to overlook.