AFAIK, CS4 is unsupported under anything later than Lion. In short, you're
pretty much on your own with Mavericks.
Checking the FAQ, the only application earlier than CS6 that was tested on
Mavericks was Photoshop. Others are not mentioned.
Today i face the same problem as described by dmgifford. After SSD update i installed the CS4 Design Premium with Mavericks. The installation log for Indesign delivers 'Error 2' without any comment or hint.
During installation i had to terminate the AIR module installation process, because the whole installation were stopped.
Surprisingly other programs like PS, Ai and Bridge are running .... thats confusing and its no solution by Adobe to terminate support due to older versions!
Maybe anybody has an idea to solve this problem ? Or Adobe delivers a new free Indesign version ?
This isn't Adobe's doing, it's Apple. Complain to them that they don't have backward compatibility for code that worked on previous versions of their OS.