I've got the exact same problem. Just bought a new Macbook (also Mavericks 10.9) installed Photoshop CS5 and I'm getting crashes whenever I try and print anything. Sending wirelessly to an Epson SX525WD. It'd be great to find out what's causing this and how to stop it.
Have you installed all the Photoshop updates?
And what does the crash report say? Most of the printing crashes we see are in the printer drivers themselves.