In this case only by redefining the shortcuts in the EDIT menu.
I don't know the english version of ID, but are you sure the shortcuts are different to the german version? I wouldn't know why they should be.
THANK YOU!! I am still an indesign baby. It is different because some symbols and letters are rearranged, for example zoom in wasn't working because on the German keyboard, there is a + instead of =. And that was making me crazy. Thank you!