Are you able to ope the files using File > Open? Does ID crash when you start it without trying to open a file?
Yes, I can use File > Open without problems. It only seems to occur when I'm opening an InDesign file from Bridge when InDesign isn't open. If I just open InDesign, and then use File > Open, everything seems OK. Also, if ID is open and I use Bridge to find and open a file, everything seems OK.
I think part of my question is coming from being a long-time Mac user having to get used to the quirks of Windows. I'm not aware of all the things Windows brings to the equation. My concern was that there was something not correct in the CC setup. However, I don't think that's the issue as the other CC apps (Photoshop, Illustrator, Firefox) work well and don't seem to crash often.
Something is wrong, but it's difficult to say what. Double-clicking a file in either Explorer or Bridge SHOULD open ID and then open the file, just as it did for you on the Mac.