My understanding is that the $9.99 photographer package includes Photoshop CC 2014 and Lightroom CC 2014, as well as 2G of cloud storage. It doesn't include access to the rest of the apps in the CC universe (which you'd get with a full CC package), nor does it include TypeKit as a part of the package. It also includes access to Lightroom apps for the iPad and iPhone, and the Photoshop Mix app for the iPad.
Here's a link to the press release: Adobe Releases New Creative Cloud Photography Plan for $9.99 Per Month
Thank you so much for the response! I hate to sound ridiculous here, but I've been more or less quite content staying in the comfort zone of what I already knew. All of this is entirely new to me, and now computer as well. I would think for the time being starting off with the photography package ($9.99/mo) would be a solid start, and can always upgrade as needed.
I believe the Photography CC package also includes access to Bridge CC.