I am trying to animate this flow:
Here is a list of what I need the most help with chronologically by priority:
Any other tips on an efficient workflow for this project are more than welcome.
This is all pretty basic stuff. Layers not plug-ins or effects. Text animations. position keyframes. If you are new to AE you need to get a handle on the Basic Workflow. Creating your moving graph can be a a layer with artwork that is long and thin on top of a small white solid. Same thing with the pin. The moving numbers can be just a text animator or an expression for source text tied to an animated Expression Control Slider.
Again, just basic animation, not effects.