I have been having issues placing photos of mine that have been worked on in photoshop in indesign. The files when imported appear grainy in Indesign even though they are above the required resolution/image size for the document I am working on, and I have adjusted the viewing quality accordingly. This happens regardless of how I save the file in photoshop (.jpg, .psd, .tiff, ect...). I have never had this problem before and am unsure how to keep working from here.
What is the Effective PPI when you check the link info. Do you have High Quality Display enabled? It may also be turned off at the object level.
I would also try: quit InDesign and relaunch it (to clear memory weirdness), then create a new document and place the image. Make sure you choose view > display performance > high quality display. Zoom in. Switch back to Photoshop and check the image there. If it looks noticeably different then it's possible that ID's preferences are corrupted or something else has gone wrong. I have noticed that sometimes InDesign can be slow to preview high-res images, especially very large ones, so give it 20 or 30 seconds if need be.