Download the trial version of Lightroom 5.5 from the following link:
Run the installation, and then use the serial number that came in your box to activate it. I'm assuming there's something wrong with your installation disk. If you still get the error then there's something wrong on your computer system.
I have tried installing through creative cloud as well. Same result.
I believe that .NET Framework is required for the install.
You need to check if the NET framework is turned on, select the Control Panel, Programs, Uninstall a Program or simply type "appwiz.cpl" in the run box and then select "Turn Windows features on or off" from the left hand panel then do the following:
1. Expand the box ".NET Framework 3.5 (includes .NET 2.0 and 3.0)", make sure that the top level, this box, is selected - it will show a solid Square inside the box.
2. Expand the box ".NET Framework 4.5 Advanced Services", making sure again that this top level is selected and showing a solid "square" in the box.
2.1 Expand the box "WCF Services" under ".NET Framework 4.5 Advanced Services", again making sure that it is showing as selected
2.2 Select the box next to "TCP Port Sharing" in this category.
To select any entries that are NOT selected just clisk on the appropriate box.
You entry should look like the attached image
After this you should be able to install either 5.2 or 5.5 as you wish.