Try to find out: When you install the Creative Cloud Desktop app, Click Assets, then click Fonts. Click Add Fonts from Typekit. If you can do that, you're in. Of course, you won't be able to use them more than 30 days unless you subscribe. (But fonts embedded in a PDF or EPUB file would be fine.)
Those of us who are CC subscribers cannot test this out easily.
PS: I believe the automatically installed fonts (Minion Pro, Myriad Pro, etc.) are the same.