You've probably never installed any patches for ID, so we should try that first. The last version of CS4 was 6.0.6. If you run Help > Updates... from one of the programs that opens it will probably pick it up for you.
I cannot open InDesign. Never have opened the program. Can't get to Help, without opening the program, right? Is there any other program that will allow me to open an InDesign file? I'm just trying to use a couple of vector images that were in the file that was sent to me.
You said you could ope other programs from the collection. You should be able to update all of the programs using Help > updates... from any of them.
If the vector files are linked you won't need to open the ID file, as long as you have the links. If they were native objects, or pasted in, you can only get them from within ID.