It's been a while since I've had to do anything like this, so don't take me as the last word. If you are a CC subscriber it may be the same, but I'm from the old days where you installed from CD/DVD. You used to be able to do a custom install, and choose which components were installed, rather than the whole enchilada. See if you can run the installer and if there is something about fonts. If not, someone should be along eventually with better advise. This is a pretty good forum.
What OS? Try the Verdana (4 faces, regular, italic, bold and bold italic) and Tahoma (2 faces, regular and bold).