Yes, I brought my mac home with me and I'm sitting here with Photoshop CC 14 open on both mac and PC - right click on windows does NOT highlight the current layer - and I have zillions of layers - I'm supposed to search by name?
First select the Move Tool, then Ctrl-click on your image. You will get a list of layers underneath.
Whatever name you select from the list will be highlighted in the layers panel.
Also set Time Machine up and even save a copy of your work every so often. Too many stories of user with 100+ layer files getting irretrievably corrupted.
Sorry about that. I skimmed over the question and missed that. It will be a while before I get to a Windows version , so see if this tip helps.
The Move tool with Auto-select checked on.