Since Illustrator Server is, sadly, not available from Adobe, I wonder how far can InDesign Server be pushed in terms of vector art and typography? Specifically, I'd like to know if it's possible to programmatically create, say:
Are there any examples of graphically rich artwork created with ID Server?
Also, is it possible to test scripts aimed at InDesign Server with regular version of InDesign CC 2014?
Some of this can be done, some cannot. The rule of thumb is that what can be done using InDesign Desktop can be done using InDesign Server.
I believe it's possible to get licensing terms to run Photoshop and Illustrator on a server, but that needs to be done through Adobe directly: