It depends what you mean by "short cut". If you mean a keyboard short-cut then, no.
However, you can easily create custom named filters or smart collections to filter on just about anything, including colour label or rating.
I mean keyboard short-cut .
Yes, it might be nice but there'd have to be an awful lot to cover everything!
With custom filters you can build much more complicated combinations and have them but a mouse click away.....or with Smart Collections have them just a folder selection away.
I think you can backslash or forward slash to bring up the filter and with a couple of clicks you can select your criteria... not a keystroke but pretty quick
Thank you all,
I knew all that "tricks" but I'm looking for only keyboard short-cuts (no clicks).
On Mac, here's how to define a shortcut key to filter by the red label:
1. In LR, define a Library Filter preset called "My Red Filter" that filters for the red label.
2. In the Mac System Preferences, go to Keyboard > Shortcuts > App Shortcuts.
3. Click the "+" to add a shortcut, select Lightroom as the application, in Menu Title enter "My Red Filter" (omit the quotes, exactly as typed). Enter an unused keystroke, e.g. ^R (Control-R).
4. Exit System Preferences.
On Windows, you could also define a Filter preset. You'd like to be able to use the standard Windows menu accelerators for invoking Library > Filter By Preset > My Red Filter (Alt-L F M). But Adobe didn't follow proper Windows hygiene in defining the Library menu, and there is no way to invoke quickly the Library menu items starting with F from the keyboard (except for Find...).
However, you could use the widely used and well-supported freeware AutoHotKey to map a keyboard shortcut to Library > Filter By Preset > My Red Filter.