- Contrary to Quark Xpress don't use or you can't use Character Styles in the definition of a Paragraph style.
- You can specify "Next Paragraph Style" which would change the paragraph style after a return. You can apply it via selecting several paragraphs and right mouse click on the style in the style panel or you can specify a Paragraph Style and next paragraph style in Object Styles.
- Contrary to Quark Xpress, a Character Style is never defined completely, only the difference to the Paragraph Style is in its specification, e.g. in Quark Xpress you would have to define, font, color, size, caps and color, in InDesign you could limit it to Caps and Color and the same character Style could be used in any paragraph style regardless of the primary font definition, it would change any font and any size to Capes and color it.
- You can specify a shortcut with the numeric keyboard to be applied to any style.
- You can specify any character in the Nested Style section of the paragraph style to be used as up to or including to, to change to a different Character Style. Write in the character you want to be the limitter. E.g. if you write in :;,— and say after 1 os it would change the character style until one of the :;,—appears, if you write 2, 2 of one of them is to appear. Alternative: You can set up a GREP style, a little bit more complicated but with more opportunities.
- If always the same text comes before the colon (:) you can set it up as numbered list without a number, so these words would be included as part of the paragraph style.
You can also add a "End Nested Style Here" character to define where your character style ends.
Thank you Willi for the detailed reply. I am already finding InDesign better than Quark in many ways, especially GREP. As you mentioned that it's a bit complicated, but it does add a huge functionality to the application. Being a Quark user, I find lots of things common between the top apps, but still InDesign looks way better than Quark. You have mentioned about "limitars." I would want to know how I tell the nested style sheet to do something till it finds a colon. I want the colon to be included in the range which will be stylized by the character style.
When you set up a nested style you can choose in the drop down menu between up to and (I don't have the English wording now) to include this letter.
The other field gives you a number, let's say you insert 3 and instead of word you write :,.! This would mean after (or included) ::: or :,. or !!! or any other combination the style will change. These characters can be anywhere between the paragraph begins and the appearance of the 3rd occurrence of any of these characters.
Thanx Willi for the demonstration. It made everything clear