In this case it could easily be that there is a lock file (.idlk) left behind by the crash which should have been deleted when ID closed down properly. Can you open your file "as a copy" or manually delete any lock files in the same folder and then open the files?
As far as the crashing, disable any non-adobe plugins (including font manager auto-activation if you use a font manager), disable plugins for Chrome browser, see Replace Your Preferences, and check for damaged fonts.
I have the same issue. I have now had at least 2 projects a month crash and corrupt and no matter what I try it will not open again. This has completely screwed me over with hours of work that I have done. Every time the same thing happens: Layer names turn blank and when you try and click on something no bounding box appears and then it crashes and corrupts.
That has just started happening to me this week. Did you find anything that worked to fix it? I was hoping a regular software update would magically fix it, but I am going to try Peter's suggestion above.