I don't believe you'll find this feature in the InDesign editing environment. If I wanted to view a multi-page document this way, I'd export to PDF, open in Acrobat and show the Page Thumbnails pane (which can be resized to fill the screen). Alternatively, and for additional view-control features and enhancements, you could extract all pages to separate files (in a folder), then view in Bridge. It sounds like a long way to go, but it really isn't.
You can use Pages Palette > Pane Options > Pages Size > Jumbo
& Pages Palette > View Pages Horisontally