1. Flash used to be able to export to an .exe file for standalone, but I don't see that option now. Does it still exist? If not, is there some replacement? Will it run on an iPad?
yes. in the latest flash cc 2014 that's under command>export as projector. and no that won't run on an ipad. you need to publish for ios (which flash can do) to create an ios app.
you'll need to create two apps, but there will be a lot of similarity so it's not like making two completely different apps.
Thanks so much for the quick response!
I love Flash, but it has been several years since I have done anything with it. I very much appreciate the updated information!