What version of ID? What platform? Where are you seeing this? Is InDesign fully patched?
I'm using CS6. Not sure what you mean by platform and patched - sorry!
I place a photograph into my document, then I go to Object and scroll down to the very bottom to Display Performance, click there and click High Quality Display. Sometimes this then gives a high quality image but cuts it right down so only a fraction of it is showing on my document!
I've seen something like this with large psd files with a lot of layers placed in inDesign CS6 v8.1.0 on Windows 7.
I cannot give any hardware specs; some student's machines at university I gave a course in InDesign.
Do you see any problems, if you export to PDF?
(It might be a display problem only)