MS Publisher is not a support "export to" format/application.
You could export to TXT, RTF, DOC or DOCX and then play with this using Publisher.
You could export to a support image file format (example: TIFF or JPEG) and play with these using MS Publisher.
Keep in mind that "translation" (export) between languages or file formats isn't going to be 1:1.
I am also trying to do the same. I have tried exporting as jpegs.
My pdf is of music, exported as a pdf by a music program called Sibelius.
Most of it comes out ok, but the sharps (they look like 4 line tic tac toes) are produced with only three lines.
Since we plan to publish the music, this is an unacceptable error. Any suggestions on how to fix this?
I have reverse situation - I export FROM Publisher TO PDFs and then if needed make JPEGs - I can get much higher resolutions.
Here is my issue: Up until mid-March this year, I could edit an image (company logos) in Publisher to exclude certain elements, then save, and export to PDF with no loss of image. Since then, when I export to PDF, some of the cropped out imagery shows up in the PDF and I don't know how to get rid of it... Can anyone assist???
Because Adobe no longer provides a PDFMaker for Publisher, you are very likely using Publisher's own PDF converter, which means that this is not an Adobe problem, but a Microsoft problem. You have a much better chance of getting help with your problem by posting in a Microsoft Publisher specific support forum.