Actually, Photoshop is running, but in the demo mode. Other apps doesn't start.
Illustrator needed very much (
If you are a member using Creative Cloud, please try uninstalling the Creative Cloud desktop app using the directions and uninstaller found here: Uninstall the Adobe Creative Cloud desktop application. Once the Creative Cloud desktop app has been removed using the uninstaller, please reinstall it according to these instructions: Use the Adobe Creative Cloud desktop app to manage your apps and services
Thank you in advance, Pattie-F. Yes, I'm a member. I've tried to reinstall the (CC) desktop app before. But what actually helped, was quitting the Desktop Manager and running it again. After that every application starts well.