4 Replies Latest reply on Feb 26, 2016 2:49 AM by cudspan

    Type mismatch ?

    K.Daube Level 1

      Dear experts,

      I have an ini-file and want to read the value of a distinct entry. Within the script the item is found and its value also. Outside the script the value is undefined.

      What happens? Any ideas are welcome.


      var value;
      GetIniValue ("FM-biblio.ini", "04_DoingBook", value);
      alert ("value read is " + value);
      function GetIniValue (sIniFile, sValueName, sValue) {
      // ----------------------------------------------- Read an ini item into a variable
      // iniFile must end with a line containing some blanks.
      // sValueName is that used in the ini-file (with the prepending #_ (e.g. "04_DoingBook")
        var thisLine, match, notFound = true; 
        var regex = {
          section: /^\s*\[\s*([^\]]*)\s*\]\s*$/,
          param: /^\s*([\w\.\-\_]+)\s*=\s*(.*?)\s*$/,
          comment: /^\s*;.*$/ } ;
        settingsFile = new File($.fileName.replace (/[^\\\/]+$/i , sIniFile)); // method Ric Quatro
        while(true) { 
          thisLine = settingsFile.readln();                  
          if (settingsFile.eof) {                       // at end of the file we are done
          if (thisLine === null || thisLine === "") {   // skip blank lines
          if (regex.comment.test(thisLine))  {          // skip comment lines
          if (regex.section.test(thisLine))  {          // ignore section lines
          match = thisLine.match(regex.param);          // ignore undefined contents
          if (match[1] == sValueName) {
            sValue = match[2];
      alert ("GetIniValue: sValueName  " + sValueName + ", sValue read = " + sValue); 
            notFound = false;
            break;                                      // no need to continue while loop
        if (notFound) {
          alert ("GetIniValue program error - sValueName " + sValueName + " not found in sIniFile " + sIniFile);
      } // --- end GetIniValue


      The alert on line 34 reports "GetIniValue: sValueName  04_DoingBook, sValue read = no", but outside the value is undefined.

      The ini file contains these lines:


      03_ListItems      = yes
      04_DoingBook      = no
      05_Template       = FM-biblio-tpl.fm
        • 1. Re: Type mismatch ?
          cudspan Level 1

          Don't you have to either return value from the function and use that, or declare the function as a variable that's inside the same scope as the value variable?  Just guessing...

          • 2. Re: Type mismatch ?
            Klaus Göbel Level 3

            Hi Klaus,


            1. while(true) {  
            2.     thisLine = settingsFile.readln();                   
            3.     if (settingsFile.eof) {                       // at end of the file we are done 
            4.       break;  
            5.     } 


            This way you can never access the last line:


            If you read the last line      ->  you have reached eof. (eof is true)

            So you never can access the data.


            So you can try this:

                // your commands ........
            • 3. Re: Type mismatch ?
              K.Daube Level 1

              Thank You Klaus (Göbel) for that comment: I had to add an emty line at the end of the files with my method ...

              Why I do not get the value of the parameter outside of the function was not clear to me. The obvious solution for just one output parameter is:

              value = GetIniValue ("FM-biblio.ini", "04_DoingBook");
              function GetIniValue (sIniFile, sValueName {
              retrun sFoundValue;

              But I thought that parameters can both be input and output to a function.

              Again I fell into this trap: Arguments are passed by value, hence changes within the function are not reflected outside. Only objects are passed by reference...

              • 4. Re: Type mismatch ?
                cudspan Level 1

                In javascript you can use closure to refer to variables from within a function.  But the variable and the function have to both be in the same scope.  So you would do something like this:


                function doClosure() {

                     var myArray[];

                     var loadArray = function() {

                          myArray.push("item 1");

                          myArray.push("item 2");

                          myArray.push("item 3");



                     return myArray;



                The result is an array with three items in it.


                In this case the loadArray function has the same scope as the array itself, and both are just (did I say "just"?) variables.  This uses what javascript calls closure...  It's still kind of mysterious to me.  You can pass these things around as well.  And so that's how you set up recursive functions in javascript...  You create a variable and a callback in the same scope -- Then you call your recursive worker function from the same scope and pass it your callback function.  The callback function has access to the variable no matter where it is in the call stack of the recursive worker.  When it's all done, your variable is loaded with the results of the recursion...  So you return that.


                The more I use javascript, the more I like it.