I've only used the standing in one spot method and been shooting distant landscapes. In either method you are creating an image that is beyond what the eye sees when you are holding your head still. That means there will be "distortion" of reality. In processing, you can choose distortion corrections that please your mind's eye.
That said, I'm going to have to try your second method on the condo building I live in. It should be interesting!
Let me know how it turns out, thanks
Only your number one choice will work. When you change locations, LR or Photoshop will find too many things that are different to make a decent panorama. Keep the camera on a tripod when you take the pictures for the pano. Strange as it may seem, the pano will give you more information if it is shot vertically for most horizontal pictures.
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I believe no. 1 is the best way. By moving to different locations, the perspective of how the near field. middle field and far field line up to each other changes so much that LR will be unable to line them up or will perform a major distortion to the point that the image will not be acceptable.
Suppose that there was a large mountain far behind the building; standing to the left for the first shot, the peak of that mountain may appear to be behind the left part of the building. Moving to the center for the second shot, that same mountain now appears behind the center of the building. Moving to the right, that same mountain is now behind the right side of the building. Lightroom will not be able to stitch those 3 images because as far as LR is concerned, that mountain has moved.
The best way is to use a tripod to keep the camera (sensor) in the same spot. Hand holding will create a similar effect as moving, but to a lesser degree, if you pivot about your own body axis rather than pivot the camera about its own (sensor) axis. I believe that this may be the reason some people post about LR not being able to create a pano with their shots, thinking that it is a bug in LR, when in fact, their images have a perspective problem, (The mountain has moved.)
The truly correct method is to use a gimbal on your tripod such that the camera pivots about the vertical axis of the sensor.
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I do believe that Photoshop has a panorama option that can use the images from different standing positions (eg. for a long building), but the problem would still exist if more of the landscape is visible.
To also put a finer point on holding the camera- It should rotate about the 'Nodal Point' to prevent mis-alignment of near and distant objects in the image.
The Nodal point is somewhere between the lens center and the sensor. It varies for lenses. Do a Goggle search for "Nodal Point Panorama" (and images)
All the technical stuff aside- I often just stand and click 3 or 4 shots (camera vertical) twisting at the waist, keeping the horizon as level as possible and very near center frame. Always happy with my landscapes! Manual exposure , no polarizer filter.
I love Panoramas
When shooting panoramas always Remember to:
Shoot Vertically, yes you will take more pictures, but you will get better resolution and a better room for crop space after all stitching is done!
Don't use Wide angle lenses, I tend to steer away from wide angle as they tend to distort, I use the 35mm but a 50mm or a 24-70mm would be much better I think
Good enough Speed, depending of what you want to create a fast shutter speed would be ideal to remove or minimalise any camera shake, unless you have a tripod and preferably a cable release.
Good depth of focus, shooting at F11 or higher is recommended to get good focus and tack sharp images. which is essential for stiching, always depends what you want to create.
Hope I helped
Thanks to everyone for the very helpful information!
- the second picture; then walk to the right side of the building and take the third picture
This is called a linear panorama, which works best for 2D subjects such as a mural painted on a long wall or a very long building. I've never tried it using LR's Photo Merge to Panorama, but it should work using PS's Photomerge.
The National Geographic Channel featured a documentary of this linear panorama shoot some time ago. Simply amazing to say the least!
NIce! good job
It is probably pretty dumb to post an example after a look at National Geographic work. But, Lightroom can combine HDR and Panorama processing! My camera is pretty far down the food chain compared to their gear!
I was in a very old, dark landmark church with some natural window light in Copenhagen last year. I set my camera to bracket five raw exposures at 0, +1, -1, +2 and -2. I did that 6 times rotating at my hips for a total of 30 exposures. There was not time or room for a tripod. Total time for the shooting was about 15 seconds.
Lightroom was able to blend each set of bracketed shots into 6 single "HDR" files. Then I asked Lightroom to join those six into a single RAW Panorama. The shot had far to many distracting tourists and the HDR process blurred the ones that moved. As a beginner with Photoshop I tried to clone stamp all but two tourists out of the picture. Don't look too close! You may still see parts of them!