Change your comp settings to the standard 3D renderer in the advanced tab. Your hardware is unsupported for Raytrace 3D, anyway.
I had the same problem.
There is no "advanced" option. Only 3d raytraced, cinema 4d and classic 3d. Changing to any of those doesn't help
Classic 3-D is the compensation setting you want.
If your composition panel is set to "active camera" and a 2-D layer disappears when you change it to a 3-D layer then your camera is not pointed at the center of the composition or the material properties have been fouled up.
The easiest way to check where the camera is pointing is to enable two views so you can see the camera (Custom view one is best) or just temporarily turn off the camera view.
The easiest way to check material properties is to press the a key twice with the layer selected or type uu to reveal all modified properties of your layer.
If you cannot figure it out we need to see a screenshot showing all modified properties of the camera and the disappearing 3-D layer. Don't scale it down, just paste it or drag it into the reply field on this forum.