Well, your log is gibberish, which could indicate a language or Unicode problem. Perhaps a recent Windows Update is causing it...
Well, I haven't updated my Windows in a while because I can't update it for some reason. So I don't really know what to do.
What version of After Effects are you using?
AMD processors are not officially supported for the current version of AE.
The last version of AE that the systems requirements page lists as working with After Effects is the CC 2014 release (although, I'm pretty sure I remember the CC 2015 release working with AMD chips too, but the CC 2015.3 release doesn't.) You can download the CC 2014 and CC 2015 releases and install them via the Creative Cloud app. See here.
And project files created in the CC 2015.3 release will work in both of the older versions too.
I'm using Adobe After Effects CS6.
Sorry, yes, I see that now.
Mylenium is right; that log is crazy and not at all what it is supposed to look like. I'll have to defer to his technical expertise as I wouldn't even know where to start.
Other than to say, make sure your AE is updated to 11.0.4