Is there a way to quickly search an installed lightroom preset knowing it's name? like a search bar/browser in the develop module?
No- there is no 'Search Bar' for presets as there is for Keywords.
Presets however always show sorted alphabetically. (and numbers before alphabet)
Develop Preset 'Folders' sort alphabetically and the presets within folders sort alphabetically.
You can use Explorer/Finder to re-arrange presets into folders with suitable names that make it easier to find your presets.