Same problem here in InDesign 2017 running on a fairly new iMac. I have to quit InDesign and relaunch to remedy the problem. In my case, application frame does not seem to have anything to do with it. I don't like the Application Frame, but the problem occurs whether it's on or off.
I too can reproduce this.
GPU Preview is enabled when opening any previously saved documents. New documents do not get a GPU Preview. If I start a new document, save it, close it, then reopen that same blank document, it gets the GPU Preview identifier in the title bar allowing animated zoom to work.
You know what would be super cool?? If this can get fixed. Easily one of the most annoying things I deal with on a DAILY basis. Bug submitted. Complaints made. It's been 2 months and I simply LOVE starting a new document, saving, closing, and having to open it up again for it to work correctly. Every. Time. The best part is when I'm on a roll and I forget InDesign is BROKEN and I hit try to zoom in all super quick and dope like but it just zooms in once.
Here, maybe this can get this problem expedited:
FOUR ANGRY FACES, not 2 or 3, but 4! FIX THIS, ADOBE. Jesus H. already....
I am noticing this issue as well. I am at the point where I'm afraid to update any of the Adobe software because they always seem to introduce a new bug or somehow reintroduce an old bug. I have a new Mac with lots of memory, so I'm sure the machine is beefy enough. I enjoy the GPU performance and live zoom. But it wavers in and out for no apparent reason, and with no consistency in the way it happens. Also, images that are high-resolution randomly appear as low-res previews, even when Display Performance is set to high. Another thing that infuriates me to no end is that InDesign seems to read imported photos over and over again, even when they should have been long cached. I can see the progress bar at the bottom of the window re-accessing photos that are already in the layout... and I can't click on anything or do anything until it's done doing its unnecessary processing of these images. UGH!