A password protected PDF that I created in Acrobat Pro X can't be printed by Acrobat on Android, even when I provide the "owner/permissions" password that should allow it to do so. This same password enables copying, which Acrobat on Android does respond to.
I can correctly print this same doc with said password in Acrobat for iOS, iOS's built-in PDF reader, and Preview on OS X.
Could you please confirm if you are experiencing this issue with a particular PDF.
Try to print other PDF's from your Android mobile application and check if they print without any issue.
Please share the dot version of Adobe Acrobat Reader and OS version on your device.