Create a new document. It needs to be bigger than your artwork.
Twirl out Advanced Options
Use the Pixel Aspect Ratio drop box and scroll down to Anamorphic 2:1)
Open your art work in another document, and drag its layer to the 2:1 document tab.
If you want to pixelate it, use Free Transform to resize it, and set the Interpolation to Nearest Neighbor
If we zoom in to the pixel grid, we can see that you have rectangular pixels, so the question then is what do you want to do with it?
To use it on the Web or most anywhere else, you are going to have to lift it from the screen with a screen grab, and paste it to a conventional 8 bit square pixel image. If you have Windows, then the Snipping Tool will do this, or just hit the Print Scrn key and paste into a Photoshop document.
If you want more than the Snipping Tool, most of us use GreenShot
Let us know a bit more about how you'd like to use this if you need more help, but good luck with your project.
Thank you for your answer. I will try it out in a few minutes.
I want to make this rectangle pixels as i later want to transform it into an artwork made of fabricswatches, and those come in rectangles , see below:
So to keep the propostions correct, i thought this is the easiest way .
If you have an even better solution, tips are always welcome!