I have the same problem. Photoshop CC2017 opens full screen then stops working with the following screen:
I have successfully fixes photoshop cc 2017 : Adobe Photoshop CC 2017 has stopped working, error - FIX - YouTube
go to control panel/administrative tools/event viewer/windows logs/application and find the Photoshop crash report.
Select it and go to right and select "copy as text" and post the report here.