Not that I know of.
Why would you need that?
Is the printer not able to spool the print stream?
Or are the files gigantic in size and streaming will take an eternity?
You could also think of a PDF hotfolder system where exported PDFs are automatically printed.
I second Uwe. It's probably best to deport the print process into Acrobat so you can keep on working with InDesign. It would still need some time to output PDF though.
asynchronousExportFile allows background exporting, i thought there might be one for Print as well, so that i can work on 'other stuff' while printing.
Of course, Acrobat is so part of may daily job that I didn't even question to not use it