9 Replies Latest reply on Apr 13, 2017 5:28 PM by ExoticQube

    Frame Rates...


      When I create a new composition is After Effects, next to the frame rate I have a blanked out option saying 'Non-Drop Frame' or 'Drop Frame' and I don't know what it is for, also I can edit the frame rate drop thingy when the frame rate is at 29.97fps or 59.94fps. The data also is transferred over to another frame rate that I chose e.g. I have just selected 59.94fps, so I change the frame drop thingy from Non-Drop Frame to Drop Frame, Then I make my fps 24, the box is now greyed out but the frame drop data thingy is carried over to the next frame rate that I choose. I hope this makes sense. Really what I would like to find out is what is the frame rate thingy with the drop and non drop thingy, and what does it do. And also why is it only available for two specific frame rates (not custom, the frames I tried were all from the drop down box) Like I said I hope this makes sense...




      Screen Shot 2017-04-13 at 6.56.50 PM.png


      Screen Shot 2017-04-13 at 6.57.04 PM.png

        • 1. Re: Frame Rates...
          Mylenium Most Valuable Participant

          Read up on NTSC timecode handling and the AE help.



          1 person found this helpful
          • 2. Re: Frame Rates...
            ExoticQube Level 1

            I read up on it and it was quite interesting, I am also guessing that if the box is greyed out, It will have a set 'stop ' or 'non-drop' if that makes sense!


            Thank you for your help!

            • 3. Re: Frame Rates...
              Dave LaRonde Level 7

              Almost ALWAYS, the following frame rates apply:

              30 fps is really 29.97 fps

              24 fps is really 23.976 fps

              60 fps is really 59.94 fps


              I's always good to work in Drop Frame.  You get a far more accurate idea of the length of an edited piece.   And it DOES NOT drop frames. That's an unfortunate and misleading name for what's happening.  Drop frame merely adjusts the time code associated with the fractional frame rates above to accurately reflect time.

              • 4. Re: Frame Rates...
                ExoticQube Level 1

                Ok cool, So I won't get frames dropping with 24 fps or an whole number?

                • 5. Re: Frame Rates...
                  Dave LaRonde Level 7

                  You NEVER get dropped frames.  Not ever. 


                  In drop frame, it's the TIME CODE that behaves oddly.

                  Here's what I mean:  You shoot two minutes of video in 29.97 drop frame.  At almost a minute in, the time code reads 00:00:59:59.  What's the time code on the next frame?  You might think it would be 00:01:00:00.  But it is NOT.  It's 00:01:00:02.  There are no missing frames in your video.  But the time code takes a little jump.

                  • 6. Re: Frame Rates...
                    ExoticQube Level 1

                    Ok... So I am a little confused... Is it best to work in Non-Drop Frame or Drop Frame, because you mentioned that it is a good idea to work in drop frame 'I's always good to work in Drop Frame.  You get a far more accurate idea of the length of an edited piece.   And it DOES NOT drop frames.'


                    And why does it go up to 1.00.02 instead of 1.00.00 from 59.59? That confused me a little bit!




                    • 7. Re: Frame Rates...
                      Dave LaRonde Level 7

                      Drop Frame time code compensates for the slightly-longer frame of video when it's shot at 29.97 as opposed to 30fps.


                      If you have video shot at 200 fps, how long does each frame appear?  1/200 sec.  At 100 fps each frame appears for 1/100 sec.  At which rate do the frames appear longer?  100 fps. Makes sense.


                      At  30 fps the duration of a frame is 1/30 sec, and at 29.97 the duration is 1/29.97 sec.  The difference in durations between these frame rates is miniscule.  But that tiny difference adds up over time.


                      Tell you what -- Open Premiere Pro.  Make a custom sequence.  Make its frame rate 29.97.  Make its Display Format 29.97 fps Drop-Frame Time code.


                      Then play with it.  Observe what happens when you move the timeline cursor frame-by-frame to 1 minute.  Or 2 minutes. Or ten minutes.  Or an hour.


                      You'll get the idea.

                      • 8. Re: Frame Rates...
                        Dave LaRonde Level 7

                        And here's another way to think about it.


                        Let's say you shoot a little over an hour of video at 29.97, but you use Non-Drop-Frame time code.  NDF is just a frame count,  It doesn't take the slightly longer duration of a 29.97 frame into consideration.


                        Okay, now you have your hour and ten seconds of video or whatever.  Make an in point at 00:00:00:00 and an out point at 01:00:00:00.


                        Put it in that custom Drop-Frame PP timeline you just made -- when you put the timeline cursor at the last frame of the clip, you'll see the timeline's time indicator reads one hour.... and EIGHT SECONDS!  Why?  Because the frames in 29.97 are slightly longer than they are at 30.... and that tiny difference adds up.


                        That's why Drop-Frame is good.  It keeps you on time.

                        • 9. Re: Frame Rates...
                          ExoticQube Level 1

                          Ok thanks... I understand that now, but I don't see who 29/97fps is longer than 30?