If I get your query correctly, InDesign is crashing while applying effects?
In order to assist you further, we would need some details like:
If it is happening with a particular file?
If yes, export file to IDML and save on desktop and reopen file from there. If still does not work, would you mind sharing the .indd file if possible, so that we can test it at our end?
If it is happening with multiple files and new files as well, Please share the following details
Operating system (Windows or MAC with exact versions)
Exact version of InDesign
Location where the files are saved (Network/External drive or Local HDD)
Graphic Card details