For me it does work on Mac OS 10.12.4 using InDesign CC 2017.1
Did you try cleaning your cache and preferences? Troubleshooting 101: Replace, or "trash" your InDesign preferences [2009 Outdated & Locked]
Sometimes other programs interfere with the modifier keys. If deleting the cache and preferences doesn't work, try rebooting your computer and don't open up anything except for InDesign. (And if you have a Wacom tablet, we have found that the latest update has caused issues with the modifier keys in the the various CC apps.)
Until you can resolve this, you can turn on Auto-fit in the Control panel, which does the same thing when you scale a frame—it scales the image and the frame at the same time.
Thank you ! I restarted completely all my computer and in preferences and it works again!