That's definitely not what should be happening, let us help make this right. As you're getting an error every-time you open a new file, could you please let us know which version of Photoshop are you using? and which operating system are you working on?
Also, could you please try updating the Graphics Card drivers from the manufacturer's website and see if that helps?
I have the same problem.
Few days ago I upgrade from one of the 2017 version to the latest
Adobe Photoshop: 19.1.3 20180323.r.293 2018/03/23: 1163761 x64
Windows 10 64 bity
Intel(R) HD Graphics 3000
I have the latest version nvidia drivers
I can open new file only by using old interface "new file"
I have the same issue, the start workspace not showing and when I try to create a new file I get the blank screen you are having.
That is true for all my CC apps
I have the same problem - with the "File"- "New" screen not opening properly. This started with the last 19.1.5 release.