For PERSONAL use (not distribution or enterprise deployment) you can download offline installers as below. For any other use you must apply for a distribution license.
Offline installers for Adobe Reader from this link (9 and X are both available)
Offline installer for Adobe AIR Windows from this link.
Offline installer for Flash Player Windows (Internet Explorer plugin) from this link
Offline installer for Flash Player Windows (Firefox and other browsers plugin) from this link
Thank you for posting this question, i have a similar situatuation.
Thank you Dave for posting this reply, it was most helpfull to me as well.