Common general advice for crashes is to check your drivers and application to make sure they're fully up to date. I see you do have the 12.0.3 Photoshop software.
Is your display driver up to date? Visit the web site of the maker of your display adapter (video card) or laptop maker to see. Photoshop does some probing to determine the OpenGL capabilities during startup, and an OpenGL bug in the display driver may be a problem.
I don't know what display adapter you have in your system, but if it's based on an Intel GPU the Intel display drivers aren't always the best for Photoshop.
One thing you can do to furhter help diagnose problems with the display driver (and assuming you can bring up Photoshop at all) is to go into Edit - Preferences - Performance and temporarily disable OpenGL by unchecking the [ ] Enable OpenGL Drawing setting. Photoshop will have to be shut down and restarted to test this. There is also a registry tweak that can be done to prevent Photoshop from even trying to access OpenGL at all.
Adobe has published more information here: http://kb2.adobe.com/cps/404/kb404898.html