It could be a problem with fonts, strange as that sounds.
Try uninstalling all the fonts that are used in the document and see if
it then at least opens. That way you'll be able to salvage your work,
and you'll also be closer to discovering the culprit.
I make no promises, but it's worth a try.
What version of ID? How was the table created (typed by hand, imported, copied from another doc...)? Did this file start inthis version of ID, or is it being converted and updated?
How often do you do a Save AS.
The information was copied and pasted from excel as text, then converted to table. The file was saved several times, and was saved as shortly before Indesign crashed.
Are you patched all the way to 7.0.4?
13000 rows of pasted text. Wow.
Not that it helps at this point, but I'd start doing save as more often, and to a new name so you have some backup versions if it goes south again. An export to .idml (see Remove minor corruption by exporting) if you can get anythign to open certainly won't hurt, either.